Alcoholism is defined as a behavioral disorder, a deviant form of behavior, that results from prolonged intake of excessive amounts of alcohol. The cause of alcoholism remains unknown, but certain traits are present in large numbers among alcoholics, such as depression, self-destructiveness, addiction, sexual immaturity, or some other psychological problem. Belonging to a particular profession or social group in which the habit of consuming alcohol predominates can affect the lifestyle that leads to alcoholism. Although alcoholism is mainly a problem of adults, it has recently been noticed to affect all younger age groups.

The constant absorption of large amounts of alcohol results after some time in the development of tolerance to its effects. Tolerance is caused by the central nervous system cells getting used to alcohol. The physical dependence that accompanies this development of tolerance is strong, and any abstinence from alcohol leads to side effects that can result in death as well.
Symptoms of abstinence (alcohol withdrawal) usually begin 12 to 48 hours after discontinuation of intake, and include shivering, weakness, sweating, gastrointestinal symptoms, redness and dilated capillaries on the face, violent behavior, leg pain, impotence, memory problems, loss on weight, oversensitive behavior. Alcoholic hallucinations also occur after a sudden cessation of long-term alcohol consumption. It is manifested by auditory illusions and hallucinations. The hallucinations usually stop and the patient recovers within 1 to 3 weeks. The condition resembles schizophrenia, but there is no thought disorder nor a history of schizophrenia. The onset of hallucinations usually precedes delirium tremens.
Delirium tremens begins 48 to 72 hours after cessation of alcohol consumption, and is manifested by anxiety attacks, depression, confusion, poor sleep, heavy sweating, and transient hallucinations are common. As delirium progresses, tremor of the hands occurs (they shake at rest), and can spread to both the head and the torso. Signs of recovery should begin to appear within 12 to 24 hours, and if there is a significant rise in body temperature, this is not a good prognostic sign.

Alcohol has a direct toxic effect on the liver, which is exacerbated by poor nutrition as a result of loss of appetite due to excessive alcohol consumption. The most significant organ damage in alcoholics is cirrhosis (alcoholic liver disease), peripheral neuropathy (nerve ending damage), brain damage, cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disease) most often in combination with arrhythmias (heart rhythm disorder), gastritis (inflammatory stomach disease), and pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) also occurs.

The most important point of treatment is abstinence, abstinence from alcohol consumption, but first it is necessary to make a complete examination and treatment of the patient to identify existing diseases and disorders that could complicate abstinence. It is also important to distinguish delirium tremens from mental changes that occur in acute liver failure. During therapy, it is necessary to maintain fluid balance and give high doses of vitamin C and B-complex.
Weaning from excessive alcohol consumption should be carried out under the supervision of a doctor and sometimes hospital treatment is required.


- Try to rest and avoid alcohol
- Begin psychotherapy
- Avoid hot spices
- You don’t need to change the menu, but try to avoid foods that burden the liver
- Eat fresh vegetables, especially dandelion salad, artichoke, asparagus, radish, potatoes, parsley, watercress and fruit apples, blueberries, currants and grapes
- Drink three glasses a day of freshly squeezed potato juice diluted with water, and dandelion, artichoke and black radish juices
- Teas made from dandelion root, vine leaves, artichokes and rosemary
- Essential oils of chamomile, lemon and celery
- Put compresses with the addition of clay on the area of the liver and change them every two to three hours
- Use capsules of valerian as sedative
- Against depression, use lemon balm capsules
- Acupressure


Necessarily go to see your doctor.