Burns are injuries caused by the action of high temperature, chemicals or radiation. Their severity depends on the body surface area affected and the depth of tissue damage. Sunburn can cause many problems, from acute skin inflammation to severe blisters. Redness of the skin can be caused by several different factors: irritation, friction, sunburn, infection or a viral illness.

The most common cause of sunburn is exposing unprotected skin to the sun and repelling sunlight from the surface of the sea or snow. Certain medications can work by making you more sensitive to sunburn, but creams that are claimed to be photosensitive can work just as well. A procedure based on the application of sunlight in the treatment of certain skin conditions (psoriasis) can cause exactly the same effect.

First degree (superficial) burns are the easiest burns you can get and only affect the epidermis. The burnt area is red, slightly swollen, painful, dry and without blisters. Long-term tissue damage from these burns is rare.
Second-degree burns affect the epidermis and part of the lower layer of the skin. These are burns caused by steam or flame. The burn is red, swollen, painful, and blisters appear. This type of burn can be treated at home by natural methods only if the area of the burn is not large and is not located on the face, arms, legs or genitals.
Third-degree burns destroy the epidermis and dermis, and are the most dangerous and serious and require urgent medical attention. In the case of third-degree burns, one should know that the outer and inner parts of the skin have been damaged, and hair, nerves, blood vessels, glands, and even muscles and bones can be damaged. Third-degree burns often result in death, especially if a larger area of the body is affected.


- Except in the case of severe burns, try to cool the skin with cold water
- Put ice on the burns, if they are not very large
- Protect your skin before sun exposure
- Avoid sunbathing between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m.
- Take capsules of grape seed extract, echinacea, centella and pineapple
- Massage the burnt areas with aloe vera gel
- Apply essential oils of eucalyptus, lavender and sea buckthorn
- Apply compresses of marigold, St. John’s wort and witch hazel
- For minor burns, honey, oatmeal, salt, vinegar, milk, tomatoes, egg whites, dough and plantain leaves can help


In all severe cases of burns, consult a doctor.