Diabetes mellitus, or simply diabetes, is a group of diseases characterized by high levels of glucose in the blood which comes from the lack of ability of the body to produce and use insulin. Typical signs of the disease are constant thirst, excessive hunger, itching, difficult wound healing, anxiety, exhaustion.

We distinguish the so-called. juvenile diabetes (type I) when already in the early years of the pancreas secretes too little insulin and the so-called. senile diabetes mellitus (type II) in which insulin either has difficulty reaching the blood or poorly assimilates blood sugar. It is caused by an unhealthy lifestyle, improper diet, lack of exercise, overweight, persistent psychosocial stress, so we can classify type II diabetes as a disease of civilization.

In the first case, it is necessary to take insulin for the rest of your life, and in the second case, insulin is taken only if the blood sugar is enormously high, because otherwise only treatment with tablets is possible.
Diabetes is a disease that must be treated under professional supervision. In principle, it is incurable, but it is possible to neutralize some of its consequences and prevent diseases from other diseases (kidney, tissue, eye diseases) if you follow medical instructions.


- A proper and healthy diet can have the effect of lowering blood sugar
- Be sure to avoid sugar, sweets, honey, jam, sugary drinks (lemonade, coca cola, beer, fruit juices), factory foods, flour products, fats and foods that contain too many carbohydrates (potatoes, rice, pasta)
- Eat as many vegetables as possible, preferably fresh, especially one that contains little sugar (celery, kale, cabbage, asparagus, onions, beans, lettuce, etc.)
- Onion, garlic, horseradish, pepper cress, fresh carrots, blueberry leaf tea, nettle, cranberry and ginkgo biloba affect the better functioning of the pancreas
- Use sodium substitutes instead of sugar
- Eat six smaller meals during the day
- If you are overweight, reduce it
- Make a diet plan with your doctor
- Don’t starve because malnutrition can lead to a lack of the necessary amount of blood sugar
- Avoid nicotine and especially alcohol
- Eat foods rich in minerals, especially chromium, which affects insulin production, and zinc, which speeds up wound healing
- Check your blood pressure and blood sugar regularly
- Train and move to improve fitness and circulation
- Avoid stressful situations because any form of stress affects the rise in blood sugar
- Improve better blood circulation with warm baths and showers
- Do not wear tight clothing
- Wear comfortable shoes and comfortable wool or cotton socks that do not irritate the feet
- Minor wounds on the feet and legs heal immediately as there is a risk of festering. Regularly wash your feet in lukewarm water and mild soap
- If you are taking insulin then adjust the amount to your blood sugar level and physical activity
- If there is a lack of blood sugar due to an overdose of insulin, too much alcohol, malnutrition, diarrhea or weakness, immediately eat something sweet, preferably grape sugar or inject glucagon, which diabetics should always have with them


Be sure to see a doctor.