Fear accompanies a person on the path of life more often than joy and happiness. As soon as a child is born, they cry from some vague feeling that can also be interpreted by fear of life. And so, until the hour of death, various fears alternate, from which man is never completely free. In childhood we are afraid of basements and darkness, they frighten us with real and unreal beings. Afterwards we are afraid of bad grades, we are afraid if we break the window, get our clothes dirty or come home late. We are afraid of the first dance, not to mention the first sexual intercourse. Feelings, desires and fears are mixed. We want children alive, but we are afraid of obligations and worries. A wife is afraid of a husband, a husband is afraid of a wife, they are both afraid of their parents and relatives. At work, we are afraid of our superiors, we are afraid of tasks and responsibilities. Afterwards we are afraid of children. Thus a panorama of fears developed indefinitely. Fear is so present in human life that many philosophers also deal with fear as a basic problem of existence.

Although it is a general phenomenon, vocabulary is still scarce when we need to express ourselves. We are talking about fear, intimidation, fear, fear, anxiety, restlessness, colds, fear, panic, sea. Some languages ​​have many more expressions, but even in them one cannot explain in a single word what kind and intensity of fear it is. What happens when a man gets scared? It’s not just a feeling of being threatened, attacked and threatened. Fear triggers a series of bodily reactions. Vegetative symptoms are especially pronounced: redness or pallor of the face, the heart begins to beat in a hurry, we are drenched in cold sweat. When someone hears unexpected news, “his legs are cut off,” he may falter, fall. Blood flow is disrupted. Insufficient blood in the brain causes loss of consciousness. Nerve stimuli from the surface of the body and brain no longer cooperate, a person experiences illusions and hallucinations, his arms and legs shake, his voice trembles, he cannot speak, he does not control himself, he behaves uncontrollably, incoherently. In short, the whole organism, its physical and mental part, is affected.

Fear is most pronounced in critical life situations. This is best shown by panic during earthquakes, armed conflicts and other serious or unexpected events. Then fear has the character of shock. There are also vague feelings of discomfort and timidity that we dare not call fear. There are a number of different reactions between these two extreme expressions of fear. The strength of the feeling of fear does not depend on the real cause, but solely on the experience. A small child is not afraid of a lion because he does not know what danger threatens him. An adult man is afraid to go through the cemetery at night, although it is not dangerous at all. There are normal, understandable fears in everyday life, we distinguish them from imaginary fears for which there are no objective causes.

If the real or imagined causes of fear exist permanently, chronic changes occur. Fear is present in many mental disorders and is sometimes the main content of illness. The simplest is the fear of performing, we call it tremor. Appears in connection with an exam or public appearance. The anxiety usually stops if the same situation is repeated. When we first speak in front of the gathering, we are very excited. Afterwards, it gradually disappears. Sometimes the opposite reaction occurs, the fear intensifies each time, and it is accompanied by other symptoms, redness of the face, trembling of the voice, stuttering, trembling of the fingers and the whole hand. A disease is said to be if the nervousness is so severe that it prevents a person from performing normal work tasks or from having private contact with people. Then treatment should be started as soon as possible because the chances of a cure worsen with a longer duration of fear. Without help, such a man will become increasingly isolated from society, will develop feelings of inferiority, will withdraw into himself and leave work.

If the fear is not too strong, and we are ashamed to show it, we will be able to overcome it. To some extent, this can be practiced by exposing ourselves to situations that frighten us. If someone is convinced that there is no reason to fear, they will stop being afraid. It is not enough that he only knows that he should not be afraid, he must be convinced of it, he must eliminate in his feelings the imaginary reason for fear, but he cannot always do it alone. He needs psychotherapeutic help. Although the main feeling is threat, fear can also be positive because it drives you to action. Many heroic deeds were created in a situation of great fear. Then fear is an ally. There are many fear-suppressing drugs available today, but these remedies are not omnipotent. Fear can only be removed by removing the cause. This means that the cooperation of patients and doctors will reveal the real reasons for fear. When the patient experiences this, the fear gradually or abruptly ceases.