Headache is not a disease but an alarm signal of the body and often occurs as a symptom that aggravates or incapacitates the patient, but it is rarely life-threatening. They are most often caused by:
- psychosocial stress, nervous and mental strain, chronic fear, nervousness, conflicts, repressed feelings, fatigue; the pain disappears quickly, and is sometimes accompanied by dilation of the blood vessels
- excessive consumption of cigarettes and alcohol, and as a result of some diseases or infectious diseases (flu, sinusitis) there is a dull pain in the whole head
- pain in the back of the head and forehead indicate fatigue, rheumatism, diseases of the spine, especially the neck
- other factors are high blood pressure, allergies to certain foods, eye strain, poisoning, noise, medications, sunburn, sensitivity to weather changes, dry air, etc.

When determining the cause of the headache, attention should be paid to the localization, intensity, duration, characteristics, frequency, factors that worsen or improve it, and accompanying symptoms such as fever, nausea, vomiting, stiff neck. It is useful to perform blood count analysis, sedimentation determination, biochemical tests, and cerebrospinal fluid examination. Specific tests such as vision tests or X-rays of the paranasal sinuses are also useful. If the cause of recurrent headache is not determined even then, it is necessary to do CT (computed tomography) or MR (magnetic resonance imaging) of the brain, especially if there are other pathological signs in addition to the headache. Acute onset of headache of different characteristics in persons under 40 years of age always requires examination.

Short-term headaches do not require specific treatment other than the application of moderate analgesics and rest at appropriate conditions. Therapy is started after the diagnosis is made and is based on the frequency and severity of the headache, and the degree of disability of the patient causing it. Treatment can be aimed at alleviating or eliminating the attack or prophylaxis, thus preventing an outbreak in the case of frequent, severe headaches. Frequent headaches can indicate a serious illness, so it is advisable to consult your doctor to get treatment in a timely manner.


- Avoid painkillers as long-term use can damage the kidneys and can cause poisoning
- Avoid alcohol and cigarettes
- Proper lifestyle affects the prevention of headaches: avoid noise, ventilate the room regularly, move more often in the fresh air, etc.
- Cold water therapies
- Drink teas whose properties relieve pain: primrose, valerian, linden flower, passionflower or a mixture of lemon balm, peppermint, celosia and sage
- Put on the sore spot a cold compress with a lightly pressed vine or kale leaf, or ground cumin, (boil in water to obtain a mushy mixture)
- Put compresses with onion, horseradish or sliced raw potatoes on the forehead
- Shower alternately with hot and cold water
- Wash your face more often with cold water
- Massage the sore spot or apply cold compresses
- Foot baths prevent blood flow to the brain too fast
- Massage the temples, forehead and nape with essential oils of lavender, rosemary and peppermint; drip a few drops on the pillow so that you can inhale the essential vapors even at night
- Acupressure
- For psychological causes, stress, apply relaxation techniques
- In case of headache caused by poisoning, medication or sensitivity to some food products, fasting is recommended, in order to expel toxic substances from the body, enemas and a whole body bath with the addition of fruit vinegar


When severe, unusual headaches occur and when, for example, unbearable pain in the temple lasts for quite a long time, necessarily go to visit your doctor. When the headache is accompanied by dizziness, nausea, weakness and visual disturbances, also visit a doctor.