Heart attack is a disorder in which the area of the heart muscle is damaged due to its insufficient supply of oxygen, and it is also the biggest cause of death. The causes of heart attack are narrowing of blood vessels due to arteriosclerosis which leads to damage to the heart tissue. A clot forms and the heart does not get enough blood and oxygen, and there is unbearable pain in the heart area accompanied by cramps in the arms, abdomen and back. This most commonly occurs in a narrowing coronary artery. Damaged tissues lose the ability to contract that part of the heart muscle forever. Other side effects include sweating, fear of death, blue lips, paleness, rapid pulse and drop in blood pressure.

Tissue that has been left without oxygen dies if the narrowed heart tissue does not open within a few hours. The larger the area of dead tissue, the smaller the chance of survival, and it is therefore vital that medical attention be sought as soon as possible. At the first signs of a heart attack, you should go to the hospital immediately or call an ambulance. Until the doctor arrives, try to get rid of tight clothing, open the window wide and lie down, and try not to get upset.

Risk factors are: smoking, hypertension, hypotension, diabetes mellitus, high-fat foods, high blood cholesterol levels, obesity, people over 65 and a hereditary factor. At the same time, the disease affects the male part of the population more. The risk is increased by a personal or familial predisposition to coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease, angina (particularly unstable angina), or renal failure requiring hemodialysis. The “trigger” for a heart attack can sometimes, though rarely, be unexpectedly high stress. In the elderly, stress defecation may be a risk factor. Acute heart attack affects approximately two in 1,000 people a year and is the most common cause of sudden adult death.

Acute heart attack requires urgent medical intervention. Hospital treatment lasting 1-14 days is usually required. ECG monitoring for arrhythmias, which can be fatal during the first few hours after an acute infarction, should be started immediately. The goal of treatment is to reduce the cardiac load to prevent possible and eliminate existing complications. Initially, physical activity is limited and then gradually increased. In an emergency, drugs and infusion solutions are given through an intravenous catheter. Depending on the general condition, invasive diagnostic methods may be applied. A urinary catheter is inserted to directly monitor the status of body fluids. Oxygen is usually given, even if its level in the blood is normal, which ensures a rapid supply of tissue and a reduction in the load on the heart. Dietary restriction is not inevitable, but if indicated the food should not contain a lot of salt, it should be decaffeinated and low in fat. In some patients, emergency surgery is required.

The outcome depends on the size and location of the damaged tissue. Damage to the electrical conduction system (pulses that control heart rate) worsens the prognosis. In a third of cases, the outcome is fatal. If the patient survives two hours after the attack, his chances of survival are higher, but complications are not excluded. Without them, a full recovery is possible. A heart attack does not have to cause disability, and the sufferer can gradually return to normal life and daily activities, including sexual.


- Eat only basic foods with as many fresh fruits and vegetables as possible
- Try to avoid salt
- Avoid nicotine, coffee and alcohol; of alcohol only red wine can be drunk in smaller quantities since it contains tannin
- Eat garlic because it contains acylin, which normalizes blood pressure and blood flow in the heart, and also regulates cholesterol
- Strive to achieve your normal body weight
- Try to lower blood pressure and high cholesterol with foods rich in lecithin, vitamin C and raw carrots
- Avoid stressful situations and apply relaxation techniques
- Apply measures that stabilize blood circulation: dry rubbing with a towel, washing and showering, cold compresses on the chest
- Practice the full breathing technique regularly
- Massage your chest with common hawthorn ointment
- Drink teas that strengthen heart tissue, calm the heart and lower blood pressure: camphor, common hawthorn and mistletoe
- Move as much as possible in the fresh air


At the first signs of a heart attack you should visit a doctor immediately.