Herpes simplex is a viral infection of the skin in the area of the mouth, lips, nose or genitals. It manifests as a transparent blister that soon turns brown and dries, and is accompanied by itching. The scabs fall off and no scars remain after them. The viruses that cause it are introduced into the body in the first year of life and remain there, and they cause the infection as soon as the immune system weakens.

Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is usually associated with an infection of the lips, mouth and face, and this form of the disease is called oral herpes. HSV-1 is transmitted through saliva (kisses), and infected food and drink (the virus is also transmitted by coughing and sneezing). Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is associated with damage to the genital mucosa (genital mucosa) and is transmitted through sexual contact. This form of the disease is also called genital herpes. Both types of virus are highly contagious and the first symptoms appear 1 to 2 weeks after contact with an infected person. Most people are infected with the HSV-1 virus by the age of 20.

There is strong evidence that the virus is transmissible even when there are no symptoms. The virus spreads through nerve fibers inside the body, all the way to the skin and mucous membranes. The virus remains dormant in the body after an active infection and symptoms can recur at any time. In 20% to 40% of people, symptoms occasionally return after the initial HSV-1 infection. In patients with HSV-2-genital herpes, the chance of recurrence of the infection is even higher and amounts to as much as 80%. Symptoms usually occur in the same place. It is not known exactly what triggers this re-infection, but many factors are associated with the process: sun and wind exposure, fever, injuries, menstruation, a weakened immune system, emotional stress, and certain types of food and medications.

Anyone can get herpes. The common incidence rate for both types of herpes infection in less developed communities can reach almost 100%, and in more developed socioeconomic communities it can be between 30% and 50%. The most common route of transmission of the virus is through contact with the bodily secretions of an infected person. HSV-2 is primarily sexually transmitted, which means that those who have multiple sexual partners are more likely to be infected.

During the latency period, the herpes virus does not cause symptoms and is not transmissible. Over time, however, this period ends and the virus begins to spread. It then becomes transmissible, but still without obvious symptoms. HSV-2 is more often transmitted without the presence of any symptoms, especially in women. This is a very dangerous stage because there are no warning bubbles. A recent study showed that asymptomatic spread in women is responsible for a third of all HSV-2 infections. The results of other studies indicate that the same is likely to be true for men.


- To prevent itching, put ice on the affected area
- Rub the affected area with lavender or chamomile essential oil
- Take as much vitamin C as possible
- Lubricate with zinc paste or kamillosan
- Rinse mouth with chamomile or sage tea
- Avoid acidic and denatured foods
- Eat as much garlic, apples, yogurt and fish as possible
- Avoid alcohol, nicotine and coffee
- Avoid stress
- Relaxation exercises
- Intimate hygiene
- Using condoms
- Try not to sit on the toilet in public toilets


Obligatory visit the doctor.