The thyroid gland or thyroid gland through its hormones affects almost all metabolic processes in the human body. Thyroid hormones regulate calorie consumption and energy production in the body, affect the heart, digestion, muscles, cholesterol levels, and even the psychological state of a person. Hyperthyroidism is a condition of increased thyroid activity resulting in excessive secretion of its hormones. Excessive secretion of thyroid hormones causes problems with the normal functioning of the body. The disorder affects five times more women than men, mostly between the ages of 30 and 60.

The exact cause of hyperthyroidism is not fully known. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is considered to be the so-called. Graves' disease, also known as Basedow's disease. It is an autoimmune disorder, which means that it is a disorder in which, for unknown reasons, the immune system mistakenly recognizes the normal, healthy tissue of its own body as an unknown intruder and attacks it. It can occur at any age, but still very rarely before puberty.

Hyperthyroidism occurs only once in some people and disappears within a few months or years, while in some people it reappears frequently. There are various risk factors for developing this disease. There is also an increased risk if family members have had or are suffering from hyperthyroidism or Graves ’ disease. People suffering from another autoimmune disorder or diabetes are also at greater risk of developing hyperthyroidism. It is worth mentioning that smokers are twice as likely to develop Graves ' disease, and even seven times more likely to develop Graves' ophthalmopathy.

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include swollen thyroid gland in front of neck, bulging eyeballs, eyelid retraction, increased tearing, limited visual field, eruption of raised red or purple spots, rapid and irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, weight loss despite increased appetite, fatigue, muscle weakness, thinning hair, diarrhea, anxiety, irritability, nervousness, trembling hands, heat intolerance and poor menstruation. In some cases, hyperthyroidism can be caused by a pituitary tumor or thyroid cancer.


- Stop smoking
- Avoid stressful situations
- Avoid alcohol and coffee
- Drink teas made from lavender, linden, hawthorn and valerian
- Take vitamins C and E, as well as B complex vitamins that play an important role in maintaining a healthy thyroid
- Use lemon balm teas to reduce thyroid activity
- Eat as many fresh fruits and vegetables as possible
- Eat more turnip and cabbage
- Eat peanuts and soy
- Exercise


If you notice any symptom you should visit a doctor.