Inflammation of the larynx, laryngitis, is most often a milder disease accompanied by hoarseness, scratching in the throat, and less often loss of voice. Laryngitis is very often the result of a viral infection, but chronic cases can be caused by some constant irritation, such as alcohol, tobacco smoke, various vapors and fumes, and voice strain.

Acute laryngitis is characteristic of the younger population. It most often occurs as part of an upper respiratory tract infection, but it can also occur in isolation. It is most often a viral inflammation in which bacterial superinfection later occurs. The disease is most often accompanied by general symptoms (fever, malaise, gastrointestinal symptoms in children) as well as symptoms of inflammation of other parts of the upper respiratory tract.

Chronic laryngitis is characteristic of the adult population and is caused by noninfectious irritating factors. By far the most important factor is tobacco smoke to which the entire airway mucosa is exposed when smoking. Another important factor is alcohol consumption, which is often associated with smoking, making it difficult to discern its isolated effect, which is most likely nonspecific to the immune system. Although the thesis on the effects of environmental pollution is attractive and logical, the unambiguous connection between chronic laryngitis and the degree of pollution has not been proven. Other factors that could favor chronic inflammatory changes in the larynx are chronic infections of the upper respiratory tract, primarily the sinuses, which causes chronic irritation of the laryngeal mucosa with inflammatory secretions, gastroesophageal reflux with the return of acidic gastric contents that irritate and corrosive to the mucous membranes of the pharynx and larynx as well as other local factors that reduce the defense power of the mucosa.


- A healthy lifestyle strengthens the body's defense system and prevents disease
- At the first signs of infection, apply self-help measures immediately, rest in bed and apply heat
- Apply warm / hot compresses around the throat with the addition of sage tea, vinegar and clay three times a day
- Put compresses with the addition of eucalyptus and lavender oil on the chest
- Foot baths in warm / hot water
- Boil the potatoes in their shells and mash them, put them in a woolen sock, wrap the sock around your neck and put a scarf over it (use overnight while sleeping)
- Gargling and rinsing the mouth with teas of chamomile, blackberry, marigold, sage and peppermint or with salt water
- Drink teas made from sage, marshmallow and mallow
- Drink as much fluid as possible
- Massage the neck with eucalyptus essential oil
- Eat mushy foods and less dairy products
- Stop smoking cigarettes because they damage the mucous membrane of the pharynx
- Get as much vitamin A, B1 and C as possible
- Honey propolis, sage candies
- Bathe in lukewarm water as this lowers the temperature
- In case of pharyngitis, drink sage and thyme teas
- For tonsillitis, take marshmallow, mallow, echinacea, sweet violet and hedge mustard
- Drink preparations and teas of black elderberry, thyme, plantain, fennel, wild pansy, ginger, hedge mustard, great mullein
- During recovery, drink preparations of rosehip, rosemary and sea buckthorn
- Inhale eucalyptus or menthol essential oil
- Inaction


In case of chronic hoarseness or if symptoms persist, consult a doctor.