There are people who remember better and those who forget more. The ability to remember is stronger at a younger age, and the ability to remember at an older age. Children can remember better, so they learn more easily and acquire new knowledge more easily. What we learned in our youth remains for a lifetime. What the old man registers as new, he soon forgets. Memory and forgetfulness sometimes go hand in hand, and sometimes they are at odds. Something we have learned can be preserved as a lasting value, and another forgotten as if we never even knew it. The ability to remember depends on the training of our mental abilities, although there are people who by nature remember easier or harder. It is especially easy to forget what does not interest us, what bothers us, prevents us.

Memory is an ability that can be practiced throughout life. The schooling system is adjusted to the abilities, so the students gradually get used to solving increasingly difficult tasks. Even if they forget the facts, it will most often be a partial forgetfulness, at some point they will remember many of the data they thought they had forgotten. There are different exercises to improve memory and different ways of learning. Someone better remembers what he heard, another what he saw, a third what he experienced. We cannot improve memory with medication, although many students think so. Means that clear us up, such as coffee, can make learning easier, but they cannot change a lazy, disinterested, dissatisfied, or resentful person. Memory cannot be ordered, it depends on the readiness of the one who gives certain information. It is known that students learn the subject of the professor they love well. Thus the connection between feeling and memory can be confirmed in the most obvious way.

Every man remembers something, and there is no one who would forget everything. We all, for example, remember from our childhood some events that do not have to be related to the most important dates of our lives. Often it is just a picture of the people present, other times a passage of a conversation or an impression of an event. Everything we remember is important to us, if not directly, then indirectly. But the rule also applies that what we have forgotten is important to us. Memory and forgetting can be part of our conscious and unconscious actions with different goals.

We speak of mental retardation if a child or an adult cannot reason intelligently. Memory and reasoning are not similar procedures because even the most primitive animal beings can remember, but they cannot reason intelligently. Intelligence is not an ability that is directly related to memory and knowledge. This means that there are uneducated people who are extremely intelligent and people with certificates, and with a lower level of intelligence. We establish intelligence by examination. Doctors and psychologists talk about IQ. In normal, average individuals the quotient is expressed in the number one. This means that a person’s age is in line with his or her intelligence. A person whose intelligence ability is more or less below one is more or less mentally retarded. A value over one indicates above-average intelligence.

A person who does not have a developed intelligence can recognize individual letters because he can remember, but he cannot connect them in the sense of a word or a sentence. In the same way, such a person will use his memory in various life situations, but he will not draw conclusions from it for his actions. Since there is a varying degree of backwardness, some will neither be able to read nor understand our recommendations, others will use their reason in part, but will not be able to behave as we wish. Their incompetence will come to the fore both at home and at school. Mentally retarded children cannot attend regular school because the prescribed curriculum is too difficult for them. It is not about malice or laziness, as parents often think. Such children simply cannot place in their brains all that is required of them. That is why special education is planned for them in the so-called special schools. Today, that school system is very developed in our country. The scope of the material has been reduced, and the teachers are special educators. At the age of eight, children learn approximately the material provided for six years of regular schooling. After that school they can be trained for different professions.

Help for the mentally retarded is provided not only by schools but also by various other organizations. First of all, social work centers that operate in each municipality and societies to help the mentally retarded, which with their national and international organization provide direct assistance to parents, schools, homes, sheltered workshops and other organizations. Shelter workshops are special work organizations that employ people with disabilities and enable people who cannot achieve the work performance of a healthy person to learn to perform a certain craft or certain activities using special methods. There are more and more such workshops and they are becoming centers for teaching and working for people with physical and mental disabilities.

It is said that a man becomes childish in old age. This is because the older man increasingly forgets what just happened, but remembers very well the events of his childhood or youth. He won’t know what he ate yesterday or how he spent the day, but he will describe in detail his experience thirty or more years ago. That old age forgetfulness is not the same for everyone. If it is very pronounced, a person will have great disturbances in living together in the family, and especially in the work environment. These are the consequences of sclerosis of blood vessels in the brain, so it is not a special disease, although sometimes signs of forgetfulness, confusion of behavior can give a picture of mental illness. In old age, some mental illnesses can occur, which suddenly lead to memory loss and personality breakdown. Then the inability of these people to work and live equally in a certain environment becomes increasingly apparent. They are lost and need the advice of a psychiatrist.

There are very old people who are quite fresh and mentally capable. Old age does not always mean the breakdown of mental life. That is why the elderly should not be seen as survivors who can no longer control what they say. Even if they have memory impairments, their judgment can be very lively and valuable. While the young person has enthusiasm, the older one has criticism. Memory is not the same as wisdom, which is acquired in other ways. That is why the older ones are said to be wiser than the younger ones. Elderly diseases that lead to memory and reasoning disorders need to be treated, but old age wisdom must be valued and respected.