The most common menstrual problems are absence of menstruation (amenorrhea) and painful menstruation (dysmenorrhea). There is usually a difference between primary, when menstruation has not occurred at all, and secondary amenorrhea, when the bleeding was initially regular, so they begin to be less frequent or completely absent.
Primary amenorrhea can occur due to delayed puberty, especially when it is hereditary, and in much rarer cases it is a deformity of the genitals. Amenorrhea is thought to have occurred if menstruation skips at least three cycles. A girl who does not get her period until the age of 16 should be sent for an examination due to the suspicion of primary amenorrhea. Rare and weak menstrual cycles (oligomenorrhea) are very common in early puberty and are not a concern. At the beginning of menstrual bleeding, the first few years the cycles are usually not regulated. Even normal cycles in adult women can vary by a few days each month. In some women, menstrual bleeding occurs every three weeks, in others every five weeks. The intensity of bleeding is also different, bleeding can be profuse or weak. Sometimes bleeding may be absent, and subsequent bleeding after this may be profuse, most likely due to skipped ovulation rather than miscarriage. It is worrying if the cycles last less than 21 days and the bleeding lasts more than eight to ten days or the cycles vary greatly over time over several months. Such cases indicate ovulation problems.

All women experience uterine contractions during bleeding, but in some these cramps can be frequent and very intense. In these cases we are talking about dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea can be primary or secondary. It is the primary consequence of normal uterine muscle contractions and is present in more than half of menstruating women. In secondary dysmenorrhea, menstrual pain is the result of abnormal medical conditions, such as endometriosis. Painful menstruation can occur in the early stages of puberty or as a secondary problem of years of painless menstruation. The pain can take the form and strength of common cramps, but they can even be so severe that a woman is forced to lie in bed.
Dysmenorrhea can be caused by circulatory problems, infections, uterine tumors, endometriosis and polyps. However, the most common cause is hormonal problems as a result of excessive estrogen secretion or insufficient presence of progesterone, and they can also be related to stress.

Menstrual problems mainly affect young girls, nervous women, women under stress, and pre-menopausal women. Menstrual problems can be caused by infection, mechanical intrauterine contraception, other forms of contraception, certain types of medications, diseases of a body system, and blood disorders.


- Perform a physical examination once a year
- Drink teas against inflammation and pain
- Chamomile and yarrow teas
- Ginger and blackhaw tinctures
- To treat amenorrhea, take yarrow, cumin and mugwort
- Abdominal massage with lavender essential oil
- Eat light, basic foods
- Avoid stress
- Practice proper breathing
- Yoga and relaxation techniques
- Eat fresh fruits and vegetables
- Feverfew


Make sure to visit a doctor.