Migraine is a functional vascular paroxysmal headache that occurs periodically and usually affects half of the head, so we are talking about hemicrania. The pain is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting and visual disturbances. Unbearable pain most often affects the back of the head or the area in the temples, and only one side of the head (left in right-handed, and right in left-handed), and in special cases the pain spreads to the whole head.

Migraine has its typical symptoms: fatigue, sensitivity to sound and light, sparking in front of the eyes, nausea, stimulus to vomiting, balance disorder, pallor (pale migraine) and redness (red migraine). In most cases, migraine is caused by a disturbance in blood flow to the brain. Narrowing of blood vessels leads to a lack of oxygen and pain, which in the second stage become stronger when the blood vessels dilate again.

Allergic, hormonal and psychological causes, as well as nervousness, cause migraines, such as alcohol, excessive coffee consumption, sweets, acidification of the body, menstruation, noise, flashing light, psychosocial stress, etc.

Migraines are thought to affect 10% of the total population, especially middle-aged people. Women suffer from migraine attacks more often than men, in a ratio of at least 3: 2. The frequency of migraine attacks is very different and sometimes occurs up to several times a month, and in some patients only a few times during life.


- Avoid painkillers as there is a risk of addiction
- Avoid noise and lie down in a darkened and airy room
- Apply blue light therapy
- Drink black coffee with lemon juice
- Cold water therapies
- Massages of the painful part of the head with ice cubes
- Foot baths with the addition of mustard and full body baths
- Apply a compresses with a lightly pressed vine or kale leaf to the sore spot; put on the forehead compresses with onion or horseradish; tropli compresses with the addition of thyme and compresses with ground cumin
- Drink primrose, yarrow, valerian, linden flower or a mixture of lemon balm, peppermint, celosia and sage (three to four cups a day) to relieve pain
- Rub lavender, rosemary and eucalyptus essential oils on the temple, forehead and nape; drop a few drops on the pillow so that you can inhale the essential vapors overnight
- Avoid alcohol and nicotine
- Acupressure
- Apply relaxation techniques and avoid stressful situations
- Acupuncture and neural therapies have shown good results in pain relief


When the first symptoms of migraine appear, you should visit a doctor to determine the cause.