Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease, characterized by progressive loss of bone mass per unit volume, which increases the propensity for fractures, especially of the spine, forearm, and neck of the femur. The bone mass of the organism is at its peak at the age of 30, and after the age of 45 it begins to decline three times faster in women than in men.

The main causes of osteoporosis are physiological aging of bone mass that reduces bone volume by two-fifths over twenty years, then menopause because the level of estrogen that protects against osteoporosis decreases after menopause, and long-term limb immobility. Other causes include long-term cortisone use, Cushing's disease, excessive thyroid hormone secretion, prolonged periods of anorexia or exercise in women, and cancer, and smoking and heavy alcohol consumption increase the risk of the disease.

After the age of 40, men lose 0.5 to 0.75% of their bone mass per year, and women 1.5 to 2%. After menopause in women, this loss is increased by up to 3%. Osteoporosis is more common in women who have early menopause, lean women, those with osteoporosis in the family, who do not engage in physical activity and are less exposed to the sun, in smokers, women who do not get enough calcium from food, who consume larger amounts alcohol and coffee and those treated with steroids, heparin and drugs to neutralize stomach acid. Increased protein intake causes increased excretion of calcium via the kidneys.

Osteoporosis is most often detected after spontaneous fractures with a sudden movement, fractures after a fall and pain in the spine that occur especially after prolonged standing or carrying a load. Old fractures of the vertebrae, most often thoracic, are often detected by X-ray. The consequence of such fractures is a loss in height that is common in advanced osteoporosis.


- Do not use herbal remedies until the diagnosis of the disease is confirmed
- Eat calcium-rich foods regularly
- Reduce excess weight if it is excessive
- Avoid alcohol and cigarettes
- Instead of strong painkillers, gently flex your joints
- Be active
- Swim
- Drink field horsetail tea
- Take extra vitamin D, but under medical supervision
- Apply hot pepper or harpagophyte cream three times a day
- To maintain healthy bones, take alfalfa tincture
- Take capsules of angelica and feverfew
- Exercise lightly regularly
- Acupuncture


Do not take any treatment measures without consulting your doctor.