Proper, varied diet with enough building minerals calcium, phosphorus and fluoride is important for the growth and building of healthy, strong and beautiful teeth. Milk and dairy products are foods that contain the most calcium and phosphorus. Fluoride helps strengthen tooth enamel and restore teeth by re-incorporating calcium and phosphorus. Since food and water generally do not provide enough fluoride, it must be provided in another way. At school age, it is useful to occasionally coat the teeth with fluoride preparations, and fluoride toothpastes should be used regularly for brushing teeth.

Dental caries is one of the most common diseases of school children and adolescents. Excessive consumption of soft foods and foods and beverages containing sugars and starch are most conducive to tooth decay. Bacteria that live in the oral cavity also use carbohydrates for their diet, which break down to create acid that corrodes tooth enamel. A tiny cavity in the protective enamel of the tooth can very quickly lead to tooth decay and if left untreated the tooth will rot under the enamel causing toothache. When the infection spreads, purulent tissue inflammation can occur.

People who eat unhealthily, who are sick and who do not perform regular oral hygiene are prone to inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) which causes pain, swelling and bleeding gums. There are few people who have never had gingivitis. It is along with caries, the most widespread disease of mankind. Gingivitis is often the result of poor dental and dental hygiene, and can be a hormonal imbalance, some medications, and diabetes, epilepsy, anemia, and leukemia.
Ulcers in the oral cavity are painful open wounds on the gums or in other parts of the oral cavity. It is very difficult to determine the causes of most ulcers in the oral cavity, although they occur more often in exhausted and sick people. Possible causes are minor injuries, a reaction to streptococcal bacteria, or allergies.

Symptoms of gum and tooth problems are red and swollen gums that may bleed during brushing, noticeable sensitivity of the diseased tooth to cold and heat, pain when touching sweet or sour foods, pain on touch, throbbing pain in the rhythm of the heartbeat. Gingivitis that does not go away can be a sign of a more serious condition hidden in the body.


- Brush your teeth and gums after each meal
- Use dental floss or a specially shaped toothbrush to clean the space between the teeth at least once a day
- Eat a balanced diet
- Reduce the amount of sweets and other sweet foods, and soft drinks
- Chew food thoroughly
- Don't smoke, especially not a pipe
- Stop eating foods that can cause ulcers, such as fatty foods, chocolate, nuts, dried fruits and spices
- Do not allow leftover food to remain in your mouth
- Drink myrtle tea for gingivitis
- In case of gingivitis, chew cloves and gargle with marigold preparation
- Use sage preparation to rinse your mouth with ulcers
- Use a marigold and thyme mouthwash to clean the bacteria that are naturally present in the mouth
- For toothache, rinse your mouth with a preparation of lavender, mint and hot pepper mixed with lemon juice and honey


Contact your dentist at the very beginning of toothache or bleeding gums.