Water is the main component of our body, which accounts for two thirds of body weight and participates in almost every process in the body. Pure water acts in the body as a solvent, lubricant and coolant, however, body fluids are not just pure water. Every cell in the body has fluid inside and out, and electrolytes are dissolved in them - electrically charged mineral particles that can conduct electricity in an aqueous solution. Potassium electrolytes predominate in the cell fluid, and sodium electrolytes predominate in the fluid surrounding the cells. While the concentration of electrolytes is equal they regulate water retention outside and inside all cells, and thus water balance in all parts of the body.

In most people, and especially in women, there is occasional retention of little water in the body. When too much water is left behind in the body, a swelling known as edema develops. Swelling can occur in any part of the body, especially in the lungs and abdominal cavity. Local swelling of the joints or fingers is usually temporary and often disappears on its own. Generally speaking, water retention may be related to blood protein levels. This is especially true of kidney and liver disease, and malnutrition. It can also occur as a result of poor blood and lymph circulation, heart disorders, bladder disorders, diabetes, food allergies or hormonal changes. In women, this usually happens a week before menstruation due to hormonal changes, and as a result, bloating, a feeling of heaviness in the legs and fatigue occur.

When a person suffers from poor heart function, water retention occurs because the heart cannot pump blood fast enough to expel fluid from the tissues. Common everyday causes of water retention are most often the result of long sitting or standing and poor circulation due to poor body position, so they usually disappear without therapy on their own. Swollen joints occur most often in hot weather or during an airplane flight when the ability to move is minimized.


- Reduce salt intake
- Eat foods that remove water, horseradish, celery, nettle and beetroot
- During the day, occasionally raise your legs so that your heels are above your hips
- Raise the bottom of the bed by a few inches
- Walk as much as possible
- When your lungs are blocked, sleep in a semi-sitting position
- For liver disorders, take artichoke, hemp agrimony, linden, corn, milk thistle, rosemary, boldo
- If the cause is related to the heart, take common hawthorn
- In case of kidney disorders, ash, barberry, dandelion, corn, hawkweed, meadowsweet, field horsetail
- In case of poor circulation, take grapes, wild chestnut, yellow sweet clover, butcher's-broom, agrimony


All persons who have symptoms of water retention should contact a doctor.